Leukemia cancer is one type of cancer which affect our blood. This type of cancer is starts from the bone marrow which are soft tissues inside the bones. Mainly blood cancer starts from the white blood cells but now some leukemia starts from the other type of blood type cells. This type of blood cancer is very abnormal cancer which spread very fast and it does not stop.
Type of leukemia:
Normally blood cancer has two broad categories those are:
The acute or chronic this type of blood cancer get the worst condition in small time and make the patients sick in sort way. It does not have any symptoms. The Myelogenous or Lymphocytic is mainly affected by the white blood cells and makes you sick easily.
The main four type of blood cancer are:
- Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
- Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia ( CLL)
- Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
Various cause and symptoms of Leukemia:
The exact reason for leukemia is still unknown but many things have a risk factor of the suffering of leukemia those are:
- Genetic disorder.
- People exposed to the high radiation or nuclear reactor for instantly.
- Various viral infections.
- Chemical exposure with your body like Benzene
- Smoking is also associated with leukemia.
- Comes from family or gene.
Some common symptoms of Leukemia are:
- Pain in the left abdomen.
- Swelling lymph nodes without any pain.
- Feeling tired easily.
- Pain in bone.
- Instant weight loss.
- High menstrual bleeding.
The diagnosis process of Leukemia is a routine of a blood test. These following tests are only can confirm the cancer cells in your blood. At first, a physical test for finding lymph node in your body is important. Then test a blood test for counting the white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells of your blood. Biopsy test only tests the cells of bone marrow of your body. Many other tests are available according to the symptoms of your body. Cytogenetic is one of the test procedure by which you can check the blood samples to test the chromosomes of cells. It can find the abnormality of your body. Spinal tap test is done by a long needle to check the leukemia cells or other symptoms of your body. The X-ray of the chest can found the lymph nodes of your chest.
How to avoid Leukemia?
- Try to avoid the high radiation.
- Take proper nutrients in your diet and stay physically active.
- Quit smoking.
- Reduce exposure to Benzene.
The treatment procedure for blood cancer is variable. For a slowly growing blood cancer the treatment is monitoring and cancer of advanced stage required chemotherapy. So the treatment procedure of blood cancer depends on the stage of it. The cost of Leukemia treatment in India is not so high.
Conclusion: The Leukemia is one of the dangerous types of cancer and it is very difficult to get recovery from it. Select the best institute for you where you will get all the needed facilities for you.